Evidence of Roman Turin nearby Royal Palace. This is the Roman Theater and the Porte Palatine, both of the first century. AD, and the two towers of the Porta Praetoria, incorporated today in the Senate. The Roman Forum was detected in the Piazza Palazzo di Città, while the two main axes of Turin Roman cardo maximus and decumanus correspond to Porta Palatina today's roads and Garibaldi.
The Savoy residences represent a complete picture of monumental EU between '600 and '700, symbolized by their style, space and their size the idea of absolute monarchy. The Savoy residences in Turin, belonging to the world HERITAGE 's Unesco, are: Palazzo Reale, Palazzo Carignano, Villa della Regina, Palazzo Madama, Achaia, Castello del Valentino. We start from Piazza Castello, the historic square of the city, where you can catch the main streets of the old town (Via Po, Via Roma, Via Garibaldi and Via Pietro Micca) and which is overlooked by some of the most important monuments. We start with Palazzo Madama, Achaia, a monumental complex that includes centuries of history in Turin. Palazzo Madama, the first Roman Porta Pretoria, then the castle in medieval and aristocratic palace in the '400, owes its name to "Madam" Marie Christine of France (regent on behalf of his son Carlo Emanuele II), who chose the palace as his residence. The marble facade, added in the eighteenth century, is by Filippo Juvarra. The palace is also home to the Museo Civico d'Arte Antica, which houses works from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century. The Casaforte Acaja dates from the Middle Ages, was first castle defense and later became a residence of Savoy and their guests. Castle Square, overlooking even the Royal Palace, Savoy residence built in the seventeenth century by the architect Ascanio Vitozzi and center of Piedmontese policy for over three centuries. The interior was decorated from '600 by many artists such as Claudio Francesco Beaumont, Joseph Palladino, Vittorio Amedeo Cignaroli. Attractions are inter alia, the scale of scissors "by Philip Juvarra, the cabinet of Chinese lacquer, the ballroom and the monumental throne room. The Royal Palace houses the Royal Library el 'Royal Armory. The Royal Library, commissioned by Carlo Alberto, houses a rich library with, among other things, a collection of drawings by Leonardo da Vinci, including his famous "Self Portrait". The orange of the former Royal Palace houses the Museum of antiquities. Behind the palace are the Royal Gardens, featuring fountains and floral prospects. The gardens are by the greatest architect of European gardens of the '600, André Le Nôtre, the architect of the gardens of Versailles.
Near the Royal Palace stands the Cathedral of Turin, the only example of Renaissance architecture in Turin. Inside is the altarpiece by Giovanni Martino Spanzotti Defendente and Ferrari, the eighteenth-century altar of Ignatius and Philip Collino and marble statues of Pierre Legros. The left transept of the church now houses the Holy Shroud, and the Chapel of the Holy Shroud, by Guarino Guarini and seriously damaged by fire in 1997 and still undergoing restoration, is one of the masterpieces of European Baroque.
Another important square of Turin is the Piazza San Charles, the heart of Turin life (political, walks on Sunday, the feast of soccer fans). It was designed by Carlo di Castellamonte in '600, surrounded by palaces of the nobility. At the center, the equestrian monument to Emanuele Filiberto, the arcades and home to some of the historic cafes of Turin.
The Palace of the Academy of Sciences, built in the seventeenth century by the architect Guarino Guarini is now home to the Academy of the Egyptian Museum and the Savoy Gallery. The first is the second collection of antiquities in the world on Egypt after Cairo, and the Savoy Gallery houses more than 700 paintings divided in various sectors.
Other Savoy residence in Turin, located on the surrounding hills, is Queen's Residence, built in 1600 by Ascanio Vitozzi in a hilly area and then restored in 700 according to the draft Filippo Juvarra. It is surrounded by a beautiful park at multiple levels. Today the villa and its gar No one can visit by appointment only.
On the hill rises too Basilica di Superga Which dominates the city and offers a good view. The church was built in the eighteenth century to designs by Filippo Juvarra. Together the Mole, is another symbol for the Turin daily. The basilica is home to most of the tombs of the Savoy family.
The Mole Antonelliana , Stands over the city and is its most famous symbol. Built in 800 by the architect Alessandro Antonelli, was to become the new synagogue of the Jewish community of Turin, except that the work was interrupted for a decade. The building was taken over by the City and made only at the end of the century. From an artistic point of view, its charm lies in its irreducibility to a single architectural style: they are indeed elements of neo-classical, neo-Gothic architecture of the twentieth-century skyscrapers. With its 167.5 meters the Mole was in 1889 the highest brick building in Europe. An elevator leads to the temple sommatale, which offers an unforgettable view of the city and the mountains and hills. For some years the Mole houses the very interesting Museo Nazionale del Cinema.
Turin is a city of arcades , Which grow to over 17 km, of which approx. 12 interconnected. Born to weatherproof the royal family when he wanted, starting from Piazza Castello, Via Po along the river reach, the arcades have become widespread and have been used to define the major squares in the historical city (Piazza San Carlo, Vittorio, Carlo Felix, the Republic, the Statute) and the grand boulevards. This provided an original image of the city. The earliest date the Middle Ages, however, is the seventeenth century that is beginning to build monumental arcades still present. Along the Piazza Castello, Via Po, Via Pietro Micca, Via Grouper, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, Piazza Carlo Felice, the arcades are a place of interpenetration of inside and outside, where you can comfortably walk in the rain, pausing at the numerous stalls of books or in one of the many cafes.
The Park Valentino is the best known park in Turin, built in 800 on the banks of the Po, the eponymous castle dating back to around the sixteenth century, is probably named after its martyr patron of lovers, Valentine (III cent.). Walking or cycling, is a place to meet and relax, where you can enjoy the warm weather on its expansive lawns overlooking the water or in many places. Inside there are several monuments. To see are the beautiful castle river, said Valentino, designed by Charles in the '500 and Amedeo Castellamonte modeled on the French grand palaces, l 'all'Artigliere monumental arch, garden rocks, the medieval village and the 'Botanic Garden. The medieval town wants to be a reproduction of the daily life of a village in Piedmont of the fifteenth century. The Botanical Garden was founded in 1729 and instead at 12000 collected from all known species, includes the historical herbaria, collection iconography and a well stocked library. Is it related to research and teaching faculty of Botany University Turin.
The Lingotto Was the most important Fiat until 1983, when it was closed. Its renovation has been entrusted to the renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano. Today the Lingotto is a multifunctional center for cultural events and shopping. Lingotto hosts a beautiful auditorium, the perfect acoustics, the garden of wonders, in the same building, a multiplex cinema, a shopping center, and then the spaces Politecnico di Torino. It requires the "bubble" room, spherical and transparent that rises to 40 m. the ground and the "chest", which houses the Pinacoteca Giovanni Agnelli and Maria.
Worth a visit then the neighborhood Cit Turin, characterized by its Art Nouveau buildings, which were then built in the early '900, and that are today in Turin with Milan, the Italian capital of style.